hey there folks Brandon Schaefer welcome to another video drawing series video I appreciate you watching these videos hope you've been learning a lot I'm trying to do the best I can with these videos and just add so much content in them anyway I'm gonna use A to B and a 3b today most likely will see this one's gonna be about some shading techniques and how to shade and and just addressing value and some of those problems and I'm just gonna do it on simple shapes here because that's all everything is it's kind of just simple shapes that you break down so like spheres cubes cones cylinders etc so let's start out with a sphere because that's usually a tough one to do so we have a circle or a sphere somewhat kind of messy try to zoom in there so we have a sphere you can clean it up if you want or draw it a little neater I try to just draw quick for these videos that I want them to be super long anyway so there's a sphere we have not bad so here's what you can do if you want to end up give me a second get your eraser out and clean up some of these lines if you wish just remember to draw lightly really lightly that's that's the key to everything I have to draw kind of dark just so it'll show up on the video here for you guys but remember when you're sketching it's kind of the structure it's kind of the bones of the of the of the the final drawing so you don't want to sketch really dark you want it to be really really light you know really really light it's just the structure of the drawing so keep that in mind our painting or whatever you're gonna create drawing is really the foundation that's why I'm doing this series it's the found a for any kind of art that you want to get into watercolor painting pastels etc so some some shading techniques now for now to do a darker shadow I'm going to use a higher number on the beads get into the three beads you can get in for six you can even go to eight you know if you want to do really dark I'm just gonna do a 3b here I may go a little darker actually just for demonstration purposes would be so let's say the light source is up here you know we've been through this before so for shading let me try to get in here a little closer you want to start out light because you can always go darker with it so you really have to be aware of your pressure and you just want to make it an even you want to try to get an even coverage as possible and just rub it on now really lightly and the pressure gets lighter and lighter as you go on because the darkest part is going to be over here if the light's coming from up here so now I'm gonna go over back go over to gain a little darker so now I'm applying a little bit of pressure getting some more of the lead down a graphite and then just try to blend it out you don't want any harsh lines this takes a lot of practice a lot of a lot of time put in that's why I said to play around with your pencils and really you know try to play with RAM with them every day draw as much as you can you know 20 minutes or something just trying and really start shading stuff set up a nice little still life in your house which I'm gonna do that in a later video set up a little still life and we'll go over how to how to handle it so there you can see it's kind of fading out there trying to make it soft as possible so one way to shade you can do like what I'm doing and you can leave it rough like that you know and slowly fade this out you can blend that I mean the the waves are endless I wouldn't really recommend using your finger but some people you know when I was younger I used to like rub this with my finger and you can rub it out and you won't have a harsh line there some people use a tissue you know there's many different things you can do to kind of rub the graphite in one thing you can do is use these blending stumps up with these were for a lot of people never knew what these were for and when I was younger I didn't know either never use this in my drawing kit but now I've learned what they're for and with what you do you start on the darkest part and you just rub it in and you get closer you want to really see this so you can see it's all rough it it didn't get into like the tooth of the paper it just kind of you know there's some texture to the paper so it creates this texture and what this does is kind of it gets rid of that it rubs it in and you want to be careful with this too because it gets really dark on the the blending stump and if I were to rub that here you know it's like using a pencil so be careful but I go to rub this in I can kind of blend it out you know I haven't used these much I have before not much so this isn't really my style making it super smooth like that but you can achieve some nice effects it's also going to take a lot of practice to get used to but you can do a lot of things so there you go that's a lot smoother than it was and I'm not going to spend a lot of time on it but I just want to show you the technique of how you can use this so that's one way to shade you can do it like that I mean of course you want to add a shadow and make it look realistic etc I'm not really going to go to the in depth of it but you know there's a shadow here usually there is like a part down here that would be you know maybe like this this value here for some reflected light depends on what it's sitting on but the shadow is never usually as dark as the actual object the shadows use a little lighter like I said it depends on what it's sitting on but it is going to be darker toward the actual object so there we go just one idea for for our one technique for shading so that's one way to do it are two ways to do it actually you can use the blending stump or you can just leave it raw graphite the way you know like this untouched or you can make it a little smoother blend it out you know I could get it a lot smoother than this if I wanted but for demonstration purposes that's I mean that's a nice looking sphere with the really bright spot light on there now something else you can do and play around with them which is fun to do with just quick sketches you know this is more of like a finished drawing almost you know really detailed it's not usually my style I like doing a lot looser especially when I'm I'm sketching a lot more loose sketches so let's say there's another sphere or whatever object it could be anything you know you could be you could draw a guitar if you wanted just break it down into simple shapes and then you know start refining try to get the lines as close as possible so there's another sphere somewhat and another cool thing you can do is cross hatching and you want to make sure I mentioned this in the last video about following the shape of the of the sphere and what I mean by that is is that the three deenis of it the actual like right now it's just flat it's 2d there's no dimension to it but by adding this there's depth and and you can see I followed this this shape this curvature and that's what you want to do so let's say just for argument's sake let's do something a little different and let's do the light coming from over here so this is a light source you know there's a light beaming down on it so you would probably want the the shadow to you know the curvature to be over here so the cross hatching would you know cross hatching well let me tell you what cross hatching is it's doing different things it's drawing strokes like this and then crossing them so that's cross hatching very simple but here's where the the shading part of it comes into play is that you make them closer together when you make them closer together it gets darker and darker and the farther apart you make them can get lighter and lighter so there's a nice little gradient there you know and it doesn't have to be smaller I mean it could be longer and still be darker and then gradually make them farther apart so there you go that's cross-hatching now doing it on a curve and becomes a lot more interesting so I'd probably want to follow the curvature of this sphere for the most part and then as they get down here you want to make them closer together and up here just farther apart you know to where they're not even there anymore and then you can also to make a darker you can cross them going following the curve the other way so that's one thing you can do so this gives you some ideas there's tons of different shading techniques you know this is just a few of them these are kind of the main things that I use when I'm drawing you know the most vital ways of shading and you could even blend a mixture of the two you know fill some of this in you know you can just do scribbles you know and make some some interesting you know it's good for bushes or all kinds of things there's so many different things you can do you can just make little marks you know really small cross hatching to where it you can tell if it's cross hatching or not so those are some things you can do you know I kind of do that sometimes I just kind of scribble like this you know if I was shading this I just I would just shade it yeah kind of follow the curvature the best I could miss scribble you know this is a quick sketch so it's not anything important but if I'm just you know wanted a quick sketch for something that's what it would look like and this is more you know a really study and important thing you can also do dots which is really really annoying and it's mostly done with ink which is just making dots like pointillism and the closer you make them together of course the the darker they become or the eye sees it as a larger mass so you can do that too I find that to be really annoying but that's your thing go for it anyway I hope this opened your eyes to some some ways you can shade maybe a cop or something or a mug we'll say like a coffee mug or a tea cup something like that so it's just a cylinder with a rounded bottom so how would you shade this well you could do it just like I did the sphere over here make it really smooth let's say the lights coming from this way or you can just do cross hatching simple you can do these straight up and down just follow this edge they're going to be closer together over here and then just make them farther apart and since the lights coming from up here they're going to be shorter they're not going to be up here just make them farther apart nice little gradient and then just follow the bottom curve there you go and there's also gonna be a shadow over here you know this is like really messy sketching but you can go to detailed as you want with it you know you can come back in and just do the raw graphite just fill it in a little bit get darker with it use all your different range of pencils that's what these are here for you can use you know you can use a 6b on this if you wanted just get really dark and you can get really dark and then just slowly fade it out and I'll switch back to the 3b or 4b and just fade it out just work on trying to get it as realistic as possible and usually most things aren't ever completely white so you would even shaded the white side a little bit but if you do that just make sure that you have to make the darks even darker and and try to be sure of what is the widest part the lightest part of the actual objects in real life so once again draw from life start shading start practicing and just you know do the best you can eventually you can get to this level here you know take a little more time than I did in this video and just do some shading play around with it start drawing hands and then start shading him you know just try to get light is what makes things look realistic so when you start drawing the light you're gonna start getting these 3d shapes and that's what you want that's the important thing just keep in mind the the non-existing you know or the imaginary wireframes for which way to to shade objects and and just be mindful of the curvature of of different objects and different living things that you draw so I hope this video was insightful I'll do my best to make these giving videos give it a thumbs up if you found this helpful like and subscribe if you wish to see more I'd appreciate it and thank you for watching take care yourself peace
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